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  1. When climbing small stairs (only 24 deep x 16 high)running in EAST-WEST direction (if looking in top view) - EAST/WEST IS IMPORTANT! You may often get snagged on a teeny tiny step. Needless to say this is a disaster if you're being chased by a monster/enemy so in my opinion this is a major problem. Baffled as to why I've not heard it mentioned so maybe I'm doing something silly but seems straightforward to encounter to me. Maybe someone else can test and see if results vary? The same steps (copy paste) in a north south direction never seem to snag. Seems to be some physics bug. Affects both meshes and CSG. I think it may get worse if mesh is more complex, i.e. more triangles per step and you simply use polymesh for physics mesh calculation. WORKAROUND: Use alternate CSG ramp (material invisible) or collision mesh with ramp for physics collision. Ramp means there's nothing to bump into but stairs now feel like ramps. I can't remember for sure but it may be more obvious if steps are elevated (so you aren't on 0 plane - may be a false assumption). Test map. Use with default FPS template. east-west-step-physics-issue.map https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u6VeumVppQE&feature=youtu.be
  2. Heyas, So I'm making this simple pachinko game. The basic gameplay is that balls will fall down hitting pins and occasionally triggering scoring areas that award more balls. All the balls and pins are CSGs with, Physics Mode: Rigid Body and Collision type: Prop. Right now the balls fall, hit the pins and simply roll off. Is there a way to adjust the physics properties of the pins and/or balls to get the balls to bounce a bit more when they hit the pins? Or perhaps the change the gravity of the balls? Thanks in advance! -can
  3. Here's my attempt so far at making my own character controller. The reason for this is because I'm using multiple gravity directions in the same world and the current controller doesn't like gravity in any direction other than down the y axis. The problem I'm having is getting the controller to stay constrained to the up axis, when you move it with speed (shift key) you'll see that it drags across the terrain and bounces around. I'm not sure how to correctly use the joints settings to stop this kind of movement. Any help is appreciated. #include "App.h" using namespace Leadwerks; App::App() : window(NULL), context(NULL), world(NULL), camera(NULL) {} App::~App() { delete world; delete window; } float lookspeed = 0.1, looksmoothing = 0.5; Vec3 mousepos; float jointpos = 1; bool wireframe = false; Joint* joint; Entity* parent; Joint* k = nullptr; Entity* child; bool App::Start() { window = Leadwerks::Window::Create(); context = Context::Create(window); world = World::Create(); camera = Camera::Create(); camera->Move(0, 0, -4); Light* light = DirectionalLight::Create(); light->SetRotation(35, 35, 0); parent = Model::Box(); parent->SetColor(0.0, 0.0, 1.0); parent->SetMass(1); parent->SetGravityMode(false); child = Model::Box(); child->SetColor(1.0, 0.0, 0.0); child->SetShape(Shape::Box()); child->SetMass(1); child->SetGravityMode(true); k = Joint::Kinematic(0, 0, 0, parent); joint = Joint::Slider(0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, child, parent); joint->EnableLimits(); joint->SetLimits(-5, 5); joint->SetMotorSpeed(100); Model* mdl = Model::Load("Models\\Terrain.mdl"); mdl->SetScale(20, 20, 20); mdl->SetPosition(0, -3, 0); Shape* shp = Shape::PolyMesh(mdl->GetSurface(0)); mdl->SetShape(shp); mousepos = window->GetMousePosition(); window->SetMousePosition(context->GetWidth() / 2, context->GetHeight() / 2); return true; } bool App::Loop() { if (window->Closed() || window->KeyDown(Key::Escape)) return false; if (window->KeyHit(Key::F3) == true) { camera->GetDebugPhysicsMode() == true ? camera->SetDebugPhysicsMode(false) : camera->SetDebugPhysicsMode(true); } if (window->KeyHit(Key::F4) == true) { camera->GetDebugEntityBoxesMode() == true ? camera->SetDebugEntityBoxesMode(false) : camera->SetDebugEntityBoxesMode(true); } if (window->KeyHit(Key::F2) == true) { if (wireframe == true) { camera->SetDrawMode(0); wireframe = false; } else { camera->SetDrawMode(2); wireframe = true; } } float cx = Math::Round(context->GetWidth() / 2); float cy = Math::Round(context->GetHeight() / 2); Vec3 mpos = window->GetMousePosition(); window->SetMousePosition(cx, cy); mpos = mpos * looksmoothing + mousepos * (1 - looksmoothing); float dx = (mpos.x - cx) * lookspeed; float dy = (mpos.y - cy) * lookspeed; Vec3 camrot = camera->GetRotation(); camrot.x += dy; camrot.y += dx; camera->SetRotation(camrot); mousepos = mpos; float _time = Time::GetSpeed(); float camspeed = 0.2f * _time; if (window->KeyDown(Key::Shift) == true) { camspeed = camspeed * 5.0f; } if (window->KeyDown(Key::W) == true) { camera->Move(0, 0, camspeed); } else if (window->KeyDown(Key::S) == true) { camera->Move(0, 0, -camspeed); } if (window->KeyDown(Key::A) == true) { camera->Move(-camspeed, 0, 0); } else if (window->KeyDown(Key::D) == true) { camera->Move(camspeed, 0, 0); } if (window->KeyDown(Key::T) == true) { camera->Move(0, camspeed, 0); } else if (window->KeyDown(Key::G) == true) { camera->Move(0, -camspeed, 0); } Vec3 p = parent->GetPosition(true); Vec3 r = parent->GetRotation(true); float speed = 0.1f; if (window->KeyDown(Key::Shift) == true) { speed = 1.0f; } if (window->KeyDown(Key::Up)) { k->SetTargetPosition(p.x, p.y, p.z + speed); } if (window->KeyDown(Key::Down)) { k->SetTargetPosition(p.x, p.y, p.z - speed); } if (window->KeyDown(Key::Left)) { k->SetTargetPosition(p.x - speed, p.y, p.z); } if (window->KeyDown(Key::Right)) { k->SetTargetPosition(p.x + speed, p.y, p.z); } //Jumping...? joint->SetAngle(jointpos); if (joint->MotorEnabled() == true) { joint->DisableMotor(); } if (window->KeyHit(Key::Space)) { joint->EnableMotor(); } Leadwerks::Time::Update(); world->Update(); world->Render(); context->SetBlendMode(Blend::Alpha); context->DrawText("Target position: " + String(jointpos), 0, 0); context->DrawText("Current position: " + String(joint->GetAngle()), 0, 20); context->DrawText("Motor enabled: " + String(joint->MotorEnabled()), 0, 40); context->SetBlendMode(Blend::Solid); context->Sync(); return true; } Other links; https://www.leadwerks.com/community/topic/17437-physics-constraints/ Project.zip
  4. What's the best way to add physics constraints to a custom player controller? For example, the cylinder shape is pulled toward gravity (which is not always straight down) then collides with an object, how do I stop little movements like sliding and twisting once it collides? As far as I can tell, the inbuilt character controller only slides if the slope is greater than max slope. And when it moves around by key press it doesn't rotate left or right or jitter as it goes over various sloped polygons. Gravity is added like so in a different class to the controller; float _force = -9.8f; entity->AddForce(_gravity->gravityDirection.x * _force, _gravity->gravityDirection.y * _force, _gravity->gravityDirection.z * _force); //gravityDirection is a normalized vector And so far for the controller I've been doing this to make it move; Vec3 _velocity = entity->GetVelocity(true); //Get the current velocity Vec3 _gravityVelocity = _velocity.Multiply(upDirection); //Find how much of the velocity is along the gravity vector Vec3 _otherVelocity = _velocity.Subtract(_gravityVelocity); //Any remaining velocity other than gravity Vec3 _forwardVelocity = _forwardVector * move; //A vector in front of the player and perpindicular to gravity Vec3 _strafeVelocity = _strafeVector * strafe; //A vector that is the cross of gravity and the forward vector (out to the side) Vec3 _jumpVelocity = upDirection * jump; //GravityDirection * -1.0f movementVector = _forwardVelocity + _strafeVelocity + _jumpVelocity; //Find total movement vector (don't normalize, magnitude is speed) entity->SetVelocity((_velocity - _otherVelocity) + movementVector, true); //Subtract othervelocity to get only what gravity is, then add any movemnt entity->SetOmega(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f, true); //Been using this to reduce angular rotation, not perfect though The above code has issues still, but it's my attempt at constraining it along gravity unless needed to move. This code isn't done in a physics hook, which I was wondering if that might be better? And here's a quick video showing the physic shape jittering. It doesn't translate to the camera much at the moment but it does when the jitter is larger. Also I can't move the shape along it's local axis because of the jitter and the random rotation that happens as a result of moving. https://youtu.be/ZA_UNsYCEQs Any thoughts on more accurate ways of constraining are appreciated
  5. Now, I wrote a single script that creates suspension, steer and traction You have to create the chassis, 4 wheels, set this script to each one of the wheels and then paly with the configurable parameters. Enjoy: --[[ Autor Juan Ignacio Odriozola (charrua) Purpose: A script that facilitates the making of a simple car all you need is a chassis and 4 wheels assing this scrip to each wheel and set the object chassis then adjust some of the configurable parameters Parent: chassis entity : wheel 3 joints and 2 auxiliary entities are created the chain is: Parent Slider Pivot Hinge Pivot Hinge chassis -suspensionJoint- suspensionPivot -steerJoint- steerPivot -wheelJoint- wheel suspension uses pin 010 (Y axis) steer uses pin 010 (Y axis) wheel pin (must be set depends of wheel orientation) up/down keys are defaults for forward and backward left/right keys are defaults for steer left/right space key is default for brakes steer velocity and start/end angle must be set suspension lenght must be set wheel friction must be set steerAngle set both limits to +/- steerAngle/2 if no key (left/right) is pressed then, target angle is 0 : straight suspensionLenght set both limits to +/- suspensionLength/2 and target distance is set to 0 suspension strength defaults to 1000 which is too much strenght for a light weight car (20 of mass) and not to much for a 200 car of mass each joint is created with a mass of 1, which should be taking into accoung (so for a 4 wheels car, you have a mass of 8 on the 8 joints). there are so many other parameters that may be adjusted: Spring, Strength, Stiffness ... not too much documented :) ]]-- Script.currspeed = 0 Script.chassis = nil--Entity "chassis" Script.pin = Vec3(0,0,1) --Vec3 "wheel Pin" Script.motorspeed=500--float "max motor speed" Script.velcontrolled=false--bool "velControl" Script.suspensionLength=0.2--float "suspension" Script.steerAngle=90--float "steer angle" Script.steerSpeed=100--float "steer velocity" Script.friction=1--float "wheel friction" Script.steerPivot=nil Script.suspensionPivot=nil Script.steerJoint=nil Script.suspensionJoint=nil Script.wheelJoint=nil function Script:Start() local pos = self.entity:GetPosition(false) --true for global if self.chassis ~= nil then self.suspensionPivot = Pivot:Create() self.suspensionPivot:SetPosition(pos) self.suspensionPivot:SetMass(1) self.suspensionPivot:SetCollisionType(Collision.None) self.steerPivot = Pivot:Create() self.steerPivot:SetPosition(pos) self.steerPivot:SetMass(1) self.steerPivot:SetCollisionType(Collision.None) --joints creation self.suspensionJoint = Joint:Slider(pos.x, pos.y, pos.z, 0, 1, 0, self.chassis, self.suspensionPivot) self.steerJoint = Joint:Hinge(pos.x, pos.y, pos.z, 0, -1, 0, self.suspensionPivot, self.steerPivot) self.wheelJoint = Joint:Hinge(pos.x, pos.y, pos.z, self.pin.x, self.pin.y, self.pin.z, self.steerPivot, self.entity) --suspension self.suspensionJoint:EnableLimits() self.suspensionJoint:SetLimits(-self.suspensionLength/2,self.suspensionLength/2) --steerAngle=0 means no steer self.suspensionJoint:SetTargetAngle(0) --at the middle self.suspensionJoint:SetMotorSpeed(1) -- 1 m/s self.suspensionJoint:SetStrength(100) --defatul is 1000 self.suspensionJoint:EnableMotor() --steer self.steerJoint:EnableLimits() self.steerJoint:SetLimits(-self.steerAngle/2,self.steerAngle/2) --steerAngle=0 means no steer self.steerJoint:SetMotorSpeed(self.steerSpeed) self.steerJoint:EnableMotor() --wheel self.entity:SetFriction(self.friction, self.friction) else Debug:Error("no chassis assigned") end end function Script:setMotorSpeed(speed) if self.velcontrolled then --System:Print("setMotorSpeed: "..speed) self.currspeed = speed if speed~=0 then self.wheelJoint:EnableMotor() end self.wheelJoint:SetMotorSpeed(self.currspeed) end end function Script:UpdateWorld() if self.motorspeed>0 then self.wheelJoint:SetAngle(self.wheelJoint:GetAngle()+100) else self.wheelJoint:SetAngle(self.wheelJoint:GetAngle()-100) end if App.window:KeyDown(Key.Space) then self:setMotorSpeed(0) end if self.velcontrolled then if App.window:KeyDown(Key.Up) then self.currspeed = self.currspeed + 10 if self.currspeed>self.motorspeed then self.currspeed=self.motorspeed end if self.currspeed == 10 then self.wheelJoint:EnableMotor() end self.wheelJoint:SetMotorSpeed(self.currspeed) end if App.window:KeyDown(Key.Down) then self.currspeed = self.currspeed - 10 if self.currspeed<-self.motorspeed then self.currspeed=-self.motorspeed end self.wheelJoint:SetMotorSpeed(self.currspeed) end end if self.steerAngle>0 then local direction=0 if App.window:KeyDown(Key.Left) then direction=-self.steerAngle/2 end if App.window:KeyDown(Key.Right) then direction=self.steerAngle/2 end self.steerJoint:SetAngle(direction) else self.steerJoint:SetAngle(0) end end In the other maps i was using a box as a floor to which I set the desired friction, testing this new script i use a terrain and have to figure it out how to set the friction to the terrain... Did some searches and ended with: local n for n=0,self.world:CountEntities()-1 do local entity = self.world:GetEntity(n) if entity:GetClassName()=="Terrain" then terrain = entity System:Print("terrain found!") terrain:SetFriction(10,10) break end end insert this in the app.lua (after load map) and then you can play with terrain friction, the video shows how the car behaves with the defaul terrain friction and then whit a friction of 10,10 Always learning something new A word about some parameters: If you are using a hinge, when you specity speed (SetMotorSpeed) the number means degrees per second. So if you use 3600 as max speed you get 10 revoluions per second. If your tire has, 64cm then d*pi aprox 2 meters per revolution, 10 revolutions per secon aprox 20 meters per second... and if you are lucky 72Km/h If you are using a slider, then speed is un meters per second. Other parameter which is very important is the hinge/slider "pin" which is a vector that tells the direction of movement of the slider or over which plane de hinges open/close For a common door, we need to use the Y axis, so the pin is 0,1,0 I use this pin for the suspension and for the steer but for this script, you must tell the traction pin, which sould be 1,0,0 or 0,0,1 depending on the orientation of your tires If your tires are not facing X nor Z axis, then you have to do some math to get the proper x,z component of the pin In the script I use a Strenght of 100, instead of the 1000 which is default, my car is light weight : 5 + 4*3 = 17 of Mass chassis has 5, each wheel has 1 and the 2 auxiliary pivots has 1 each one whith a friction of 10 on each tire and with a friction of 10 on the terrain looks ok for me (better than I spected at first). Juan
  6. Charrua


    Recently i posted a simple car made with joints without too much explanations... so What is a joint? This video shows joints in action. At the end, the stand alone executable and the complete project. The following text and figure is from the "ode-latest-userguide", figures are also form the JV-ODE documentation: In real life a joint is something like a hinge, that is used to connect two objects. It is a relationship that is enforced between two bodies so that they can only have certain positions and orientations relative to each other. This relationship is called a constraint, the words joint and constraint are often used interchangeably. The figure shows three different constraint types. The first is a ball and socket joint that constraints the “ball” of one body to be in the same location as the “socket” of another body. The second is a hinge joint that constraints the two parts of the hinge to be in the same location and to line up along the hinge axle. The third is a slider joint that constraints the “piston” and “socket” to line up, and additionally constraints the two bodies to have the same orientation. Each time the integrator takes a step all the joints are allowed to apply constraint forces to the bodies they affect. These forces are calculated such that the bodies move in such a way to preserve all the joint relationships. Each joint has a number of parameters controlling its geometry. An example is the position of the balland- socket point for a ball-and-socket joint. The functions to set joint parameters all take global coordinates, not body-relative coordinates. A consequence of this is that the rigid bodies that a joint connects must be positioned correctly before the joint is attached. Figure: types of joints The "Integrator step" is the part of the physics engine that does all the calculations. Based on the current state, force applied, constrain parameters, collisions etc... recalculates the next position and rotation of every affected physical obejct. Leadwerks then, does the render of the objects acordingly to it's new positions, or that is what is supposed to do... (Josh should correct me if I'm wrong). A joint normally is placed between two objects, one is called Parent and the other Child. The child should be NULL, and in this case the joint is between one body and the world or scene. In the case of a door, you need a Door and a Frame, the Frame should be the Parent body, the Door the child body. In real life you have to decide where the Hinge (or more than one) will be placed and use some screws to attach both parts of the hinge to the frame and the door. In software, things are practically the same In other words, we have to have 3 things clear: Who is the parent and where it should be positioned and oriented. Who is the child and where it should be poitioned and oriented. Which type of joint you need, where it should be positioned and oriented. Normally we create and place the two bodies first and then, at joint creation we say where the joint will be and how it should be oriented, who the parent is and who child is, if any. After that, joints normally has some other properties that should be adjusted, used, controlled, limited, enabled... etc, depending on the joint type. Joints have two "limits": If the joint is a Hinge, the limits are the Start Angle and End Angle "the door should turn". If the joint is a Slider, the limits are the Start Position and End Position the piston should extend. If the joint is a Ball, the limits are the cone angle and twist or torsion... keep reading Joints (hinge and slider) should have a "motor" if not, as a normal door, we need external forces to "open the door", if we place a door on a frame attached with hinges and the door has no lock at all, then the wind should open/close it, or some body that collides with the door should move it. As we use a hinge, the door do not fall, do not take an upward motion, the motion is well known and constrainded tho the clasic movement we all know. But if, for instance we have a "motorized door" then the open/close operation is started in some way (press of a button?) and a motor does the job. Normally it stops automatically, because there are end-run switches or the like installed and working for us. A sofware motorized joint is exactly that, we set where we want the joint go (setTargetAngle), and start a motor (enableMotor). Ball Joint A ball is used when we need a "cone" movement freedom, think that you have a rope attached at the roof of your room and you hang a box on it. If the rope is made of a rigid material, the box should made a pendulum movement not so large and probably the box orientations should not change too much. How much we let the rope to move is dictated by the first limit and how much the object attached should change orientation (twist/torsion) is dictated by the second limit. A rope is a nice looking example, all you have to do is place N cubes (shape is not important) and place ball joints in the middle of each pair. You may have the first box joined to the world (attached to a fixed 3d position) and then a link of bodies and ball joints: Joint N has body N as parent and body N+1 as child Leadwerks came with a simple ball.lua script: function Script:Start() local pos = self.entity:GetPosition(true) self.joint = Joint:Ball(pos.x, pos.y, pos.z, self.entity, self.entity:GetParent()) self.joint:SetFriction(10) self.entity:SetDamping(0,0) end If you have a chain of parented objetcts, then you may set this script and you have a rope build with a few clicks of your mouse on the editor. Procedure: Create some boxes, set prop collision and a mass not zero (1 perhaps), place then in a vertical row somewhat separated. In the editor drag the second box to the first, the third to the second building a hierachy (parent/child relationship) Select all (one by one with ctrl click on each box) and then apply the ball script. Voila! You have a rope with no limits: cone angle is the maximum the engine lets you to be and the same for torsion. Collide the rope with some object or, place the boxes horizontally (instead of vetically) and let gravity do it's job. I made another ball script: ballEnhaced: Script.parent = nil--Entity "Parent" Script.child = nil--Entity "Child" Script.useLimits=false--bool "Use limits" Script.coneAngle = 45--Float "Cone Angle" Script.torsion = 45--Float "Torsion" Script.hide = true--bool "Hide entity" function Script:Start() local pos = self.entity:GetPosition(true) if self.parent~=nil then self.joint = Joint:Ball(pos.x, pos.y, pos.z, self.parent, self.child) self.joint:SetLimits(self.coneAngle, self.torsion) if self.useLimits then self.joint:EnableLimits() System:Print("limits:"..self.coneAngle..", "..self.torsion) end if self.hide then self.entity:Hide() end end end if using this script, you have to create a pivot or box (collision type: none, and no mass) and tell the script ho the parent is and ho the child is, if no child, then the parent body will be attached to the environement, fixed at this 3d point. In the map included in this blog there are two ropes, one made with the leadwerks ball.lua and one with the ballEnhaced.lua script, in this script you may tell how to constrain the ball cone anlgle and trosion. Look the video, and you will see the difference on how the cubes behave when hitted by the car. A rope suspension bridge should be made with both ends attached to the world and a double chain of joints... doing two unions between each part of the brige. It's nice so see the car passing over it! The attached video shows at first the car passing over the bridge... the mass of the car is very little, if not, the joints get broken.. as always there are some other things to consider. Hinje Joint As I used a hinge for some explanation, i guess there is not to much to say here, I use some hinges for doors in the map attached and also used them for the steer and wheels of the car. One door have a motor and the other not, so the second one moves as the car collides it. I wrote two scripts: hingeEnhaced.lua Script.parent = nil --entity "parent" Script.child = nil --entity "hild" Script.hide = true--bool "Hide entity" Script.pin = Vec3(0,0,1) --Vec3 "Hinge Pin" Script.limitsenabled=false--bool "Enable limits" Script.limits = Vec2(-45,45) --Vec2 "Limits" Script.friction = 0--float "Friction" function Script:Start() local pos = self.entity:GetPosition(true) if self.parent~=nil then self.joint = Joint:Hinge(pos.x, pos.y, pos.z, self.pin.x, self.pin.y, self.pin.z, self.parent, self.child) if self.limitsenabled then self.joint:EnableLimits() end self.joint:SetLimits(self.limits.x,self.limits.y) self.joint:SetFriction(self.friction) self.entity:SetDamping(0,0) if self.hide then self.entity:Hide() end end end As in the case of a ball joint, with this script you may set parent, child and limits hingeMotorized.lua Script.parent = nil --entity "parent" Script.child = nil --entity "hild" Script.hide = true--bool "Hide entity" Script.pin = Vec3(0,0,1) --Vec3 "Hinge Pin" Script.limitsenabled=false--bool "Enable limits" Script.limits = Vec2(-45,45) --Vec2 "Limits" Script.tOpenClose = 15 --Int "Open/Close time" Script.movespeed = 60 --Int "Speed" Script.startTime = 0 Script.action = 1 --1 open, 0 close function Script:Start() local pos = self.entity:GetPosition(true) if self.parent~=nil then self.joint = Joint:Hinge(pos.x, pos.y, pos.z, self.pin.x, self.pin.y, self.pin.z, self.parent, self.child) if self.limitsenabled then self.joint:EnableLimits() end self.joint:SetLimits(self.limits.x,self.limits.y) self.joint:SetTargetAngle(self.limits.x) self.joint:EnableMotor() self.startTime = Time:GetCurrent() self.joint:SetMotorSpeed(self.movespeed) if self.hide then self.entity:Hide() end end end function Script:UpdatePhysics() local time_ = Time:GetCurrent() if time_ - self.startTime > self.tOpenClose*1000 then self.action = 1-self.action --toggle action if self.action == 1 then self.joint:SetTargetAngle(self.limits.x) else self.joint:SetTargetAngle(self.limits.y) end self.startTime = Time:GetCurrent() end end This scripts creates the joint, then set a target angle, enables the motor and apply a velocity, so the "door" starts going to the first limit. After the tOpenClose time, the variable action is toggled and based on it the TargetAngle will be first limit or second limit, in this way, the door continously open and then close after tOpenClose time Slider Joint For a slider joint, in this map i wrote one script: sliderMotorized.lua Script.child = nil --entity "hild" Script.hide = true--bool "Hide entity" Script.pin = Vec3(0,0,1) --Vec3 "Hinge Pin" ScrScript.parent = nil --entity "parent" ipt.limitsenabled=false--bool "Enable limits" Script.limits = Vec2(-45,45) --Vec2 "Limits" Script.tOpenClose = 15 --Int "Open/Close time" Script.movespeed = 60 --Int "Speed" Script.startTime = 0 Script.action = 1 --1 open, 0 close function Script:Start() local pos = self.entity:GetPosition(true) if self.parent~=nil then self.joint = Joint:Slider(pos.x, pos.y, pos.z, self.pin.x, self.pin.y, self.pin.z, self.parent, self.child) if self.limitsenabled then self.joint:EnableLimits() end self.joint:SetLimits(self.limits.x,self.limits.y) self.joint:SetTargetAngle(self.limits.x) self.joint:EnableMotor() self.startTime = Time:GetCurrent() self.joint:SetMotorSpeed(self.movespeed) if self.hide then self.entity:Hide() end end end function Script:UpdatePhysics() local time_ = Time:GetCurrent() if time_ - self.startTime > self.tOpenClose*1000 then self.action = 1-self.action --toggle action if self.action == 1 then self.joint:SetTargetAngle(self.limits.x) else self.joint:SetTargetAngle(self.limits.y) end self.startTime = Time:GetCurrent() end end This script is 99% the same as the hingeMotorized.lua, the only difference is that a slider joint is created instead of a hinge joint. Note that the limis are not angles, they are offsets from the initial position of the plataform. Stand alone executable: jointsworldDistro.zip Project: jointsworldProject.zip Enjoy Juan
  7. Charrua

    Simple Car

    Here there is a way of making a simple car based on hinges This is not a tutorial, is just simply a stating point for the ones that want/like to play arround physics and hinges... I included the entire project and the distribution executable to test the scripts so, you have as I say a starting point and just that, hpe it helps someone This is the editor view and the initial placement of the parts needed Basically I made 3 scripts physicsProperties.lua wheel.lua steer.lua First you have to create and place the car body or chassis, 4 wheels and 6 auxiliary pivots/ or any brush you like (a cube is fine) for the hinges 4 of the auxiliary entities are for the wheels hinges and 2 for the wheels steer. Place the wheel hinge and steer centered with the wheel. After that you may set some script parameters: Wheel scritp: Basically, the position of the entity script holder is used to create a hinge between the "parent" and the "child" you choose (in the picture above: between the auxiliary entity SteerFL and the WheelFL) If vel control is checked then, a motor is enabled for that hinge and keys Up/Down are used to increase/decrease speed If vel control is not cheched, no motor is enabled and the wheel is free to run Be carefull whit the Hinge Pin, which dictates the axis over which the wheel will rotate, in this case I used X axis, but if you use other pieces direction/alignement you should adjust this values. Steer script: The steer hinge is used to turn the wheel to handle car heading, so the pin is the Y axis Limits and Motor are needed to control the steer Limits is for how much the steer will turn right/left using the default keys left/right arrow When you press left or ritght key, the right limit will be set as the hinge angle and the hinge will try to reach this angle at the "steer speed", the same, but whit the left limit happen if you press the left key. physicsProperties just let you adjust the friction of the wheels and or the floor Script.sfrict=0--float "static friction" Script.kfrict=0--float "kinetic friction" function Script:Start() System:Print("phy properties start") self.entity:SetFriction(self.sfrict, self.kfrict) end so simple, and in the editor it looks: Here is a hand drawing of how scripts, objects, parent/child are connected Here is the wheel script Script.currspeed = 0 Script.parent = nil--Entity "Parent" Script.child = nil--Entity "Child" Script.pin = Vec3(0,0,1) --Vec3 "Hinge Pin" Script.motorspeed=500--float "Motor speed" Script.velcontrolled=false--bool "velControl" function Script:Start() System:Print("wheel start") self.entity:Hide() local pos = self.entity:GetPosition(false) --true for global if self.child ~= nil then if self.parent ~= nil then self.joint = Joint:Hinge(pos.x, pos.y, pos.z, self.pin.x, self.pin.y, self.pin.z, self.child, self.parent) else Debug:Error("no parent assigned") end else Debug:Error("no child assigned") end end function Script:setMotorSpeed(speed) if self.velcontrolled then System:Print("setMotorSpeed: "..speed) self.currspeed = speed if speed~=0 then self.joint:EnableMotor() end self.joint:SetMotorSpeed(self.currspeed) end end function Script:UpdateWorld() if self.motorspeed>0 then self.joint:SetAngle(self.joint:GetAngle()+100) else self.joint:SetAngle(self.joint:GetAngle()-100) end if App.window:KeyDown(Key.Space) then self:setMotorSpeed(0) end if self.velcontrolled then if App.window:KeyDown(Key.Up) then self.currspeed = self.currspeed + 10 if self.currspeed>self.motorspeed then self.currspeed=self.motorspeed end if self.currspeed == 10 then self.joint:EnableMotor() end self.joint:SetMotorSpeed(self.currspeed) end if App.window:KeyDown(Key.Down) then self.currspeed = self.currspeed - 10 if self.currspeed<-self.motorspeed then self.currspeed=-self.motorspeed end self.joint:SetMotorSpeed(self.currspeed) end end end Here is the steer scritp Script.parent = nil--Entity "Parent" Script.child = nil--Entity "Child" Script.pin = Vec3(0,1,0) --Vec3 "Hinge Pin" Script.useLimits=false--bool "use limits" Script.limits = Vec2(-45,45) --Vec2 "Limits" Script.useMotor=flase--bool "use motor" Script.motorspeed=50--float "Steer speed" function Script:Start() System:Print("steer start") if self.child == nil then Debug:Error("No child assigned.") end if self.parent == nil then Debug:Error("No parent assigned.") end self.entity:Hide() local pos = self.entity:GetPosition() self.joint = Joint:Hinge(pos.x, pos.y, pos.z, self.pin.x, self.pin.y, self.pin.z, self.child, self.parent) if self.useLimits then self.joint:EnableLimits() self.joint:SetLimits(self.limits.x,self.limits.y) end if self.useMotor then self.joint:SetMotorSpeed(self.motorspeed) self.joint:EnableMotor() end end function Script:UpdateWorld() local direction=0 if App.window:KeyDown(Key.Left) then direction=self.limits.x end if App.window:KeyDown(Key.Right) then direction=self.limits.y end self.joint:SetAngle(direction) end here the distro: simpleCarDistro.zip here the project: simpleCar.zip and here a video... enjoy Juan
  8. This bug occurs on AI and Events.map since beta 4.5 https://1drv.ms/v/s!AtMv1SrHrjT3wi2zRj0x7H6aQedb
  9. I just want to verify the way the physics commands should work. I'm assuming that Newton Game Dynamics uses real world equations to calculate the final force and velocity of objects. So if that's the case, what are the units of measurements that should be passed to each of the physics commands? If I set an entities mass to 100.0f, and say this is 100 kg, what should input into into "AddForce()"? m/s² or Newtons? It would make sense to be newtons because that's the measurement of force. And also "SetFriction()". Is this the friction coefficient or the force in newtons that has to be over come? Physics are not behaving the way I think they should in my game and I just want to make sure I'm feeding the commands the right values.
  10. Hi! I was wondering if someone can point me a basic tutorial or example on how to create simple vehicle with 4.4? I haven't loaded workshop cars because, if I understood correctly, they were made for 3.x and vehicle physics have changed since. I also read that they were disabled at some point, is that still the case? I guess not when watching this cool video I would appreciate any tips, thanks!
  11. Hello everyone, I was wondering if it's possible to implement destruction physics in Leadwerks. Most of the game engine has this kind of physics already integrated. Is it already available and I didn't find it out ? Or it will be a future implementation ? Thank you !
  12. Below code was attached to a Pivot function Script:Start() self.box1 = Model:Box(0.2,0.2,0.2) self.box1:SetPosition(self.entity:GetPosition()) self.box2 = Model:Box(0.2,0.2,0.2) self.box2:SetPosition(self.entity:GetPosition() + Vec3(0.5,0,0)) end function Script:UpdateWorld() if window:KeyHit(Key.F2) then local pos = self.box1:GetPosition() local joint = Joint:Ball(pos.x,pos.y,pos.z,self.box2,self.box1) joint:SetLimits(10,10) joint:EnableLimits() self.box2:SetMass(1) self.box2:AddForce(100,100,100) end end It works for Joint:Hinge(), I can not set minimum cone angle and twist angle for Joint:Ball anymore.
  13. Hi everyone,can anyone give me a hand? I'm doing some port models, and my crane is getting very heavy physics. I've tried another but none of my taste, can anyone give me a hint ?? I've already used "PolyHedron" "ConvexHull" and "Convex Decomposition" but the best is "PolyMesh" but it gets very heavy! Thank you, follow an image of the model in the engine!
  14. Hi guys I am trying Leadwerks and it's good! I can't find nothing about how to join togheter different physical objects (for example to make a car with wheels). Obviously that car must be handled by physic engine. Is this feature available? Thank you!
  15. I am asking myself how to make a sphere that intersects with an other object notice that it did ? The problem with that is that, - I need no character physics shape, i want to keep the physics shape of the sphere. - Also I want no collision sice it would make no sense in the game I am currently making. It works with A character physics shape and a trigger, but the cylinder that is the only option with the character mode is not usable as said. To make it clearer, heres a screenshot of my game. It is an endless procedual generated game, the sphere is made visible on purpose. (to see if it should intersect) The Sphere is controlled by the mouse, and when it hits the white object, it has a flickering effect and a life less but not change the movement when colliding.
  16. http://pastebin.com/qgMYWban This is the script I used. I basically took the slidingdoor script and ran into this glicht, i removed the Use() function even but it is till usable. When i open the door via trigger, it works fine, but as soon as you use it manually it completely glitches into surrounding things. I already removed the door and set it up new , with all physics settings right, but it will still dont work.
  17. Collisions in Leadwerks EXCEPT for character collisions will tend to ignore collision triggers unless swept collision is turned on. If you turn on swept collision, and programatically move the object, all collision types except for character will detect the first trigger, move to the second, fall and then detect that it is in a trigger. Sadly I don't have a map ready to test on. Video
  18. I am trying to make a script for physics based doors (like Amnesia) where you can pull and push the doors. Right now I have slam open and slam closed, but the pull and push are super glitchy, so I think I'm approaching that the wrong way. Any suggestions on how to approach this?
  19. Hello I want to make an elevator-like capsule which has the movingplatform script attached. the problem is that it has some physics objects attached that are colliding with the capsule So how do you make a script or adjust things like that in the editor? The Objects that are attached to the moving platform should only collide with the player (or just not with the platform)
  20. It would be nice to be able to set the stiffness of joints. Right now, things like ropes and ragdolls aren't really possible because everything looks like a rubber band.
  21. If I import a mesh into Leadwerks and set the physics property to convex hull or polymesh in the Physics tab and enable the nav obstical option, the models do not affect the navmesh at all.
  22. I think it was already mentioned somewhere but there definitely seems to be something wrong with cylinder physics shapes in the beta. I'm using a slightly customized version of the AI and events tutorial map, that has a magazine prefab in it which uses a cylinder as part of it. In one spot it basically bounces away from its original spawn in a way that seems impossible given how close I have placed it to the ground. When I enter the elevator room my fps tank (don't know if that's related but it didn't do that before and that's the room where the barrels are.) And if I throw one or both of the extra barrels onto the elevator so that they are laying on their sides and ride the elevator downwards the elevator will suddenly enter a free fall. You could always speed up the elevator by pushing a physics prop you are holding down onto the platform but it would never do that with stuff just lying on top of it and just having all four barrels on it used to work ok.
  23. Hello all, I am having trouble positioning and moving an instanced entity. Basically, I am trying to instance a snowball in front of my creature and have him throw that snowball at the target. When I instance the object, I can force the position, but I don't know how to calculate the position relative to the player facing. I also do not know how to calculate and apply the correct the velocity vector to be applied in order for the snowball to be thrown. As part of this, I would also like to be able to adjust this trajectory during the physics update in case I need to track a target. I do not want to use the Nav Mesh related commands of move or follow as I do not want the snowball to be bound to only navigable terrain. I have scoured the forums and reviewed the Project Saturn tutorials for a few days now, but I haven't been able to find a solution. I would GREATLY appreciate any help you can provide. I thought the Transform command might be the right idea, but it didn't react the way I expected. Example Code: local Snowball = nil --entity local Snowball_Model = nil-- entity local Origin = Vec3(0,0,0) self.Snowball_Model = Prefab:Load("Prefabs/Weapons/Snowball.pfb") self.Origin = Thrower:GetPosition(true) self.Snowball = self.Snowball_Model:Instance() self.Snowball:SetPosition(self.Origin.x + 1, self.Origin.y +1, self.Origin.z + 1) --self.Snowball:SetPosition(Transform:Point(1,1,1,self.Origin, nil) --Tried this but it placed --the snowball far away from the model. self.Snowball:Point(self.Target) Thanks in advance, Allaric
  24. Sometimes the character controller appears to not step over very thin objects. For example, when using the bober trainstation from the workshop, the character controller will get stuck on the various debris and even some of the slightly elevated door frames (yet the navmesh generation still points to them as valid paths, as they should be).
  25. I have made a rope model and attached bones to it, I can properly move bones in the editor, but when I add mass for one of the bones, this part of the rope simply disappears. How can I make bones act like props so I could connect them with ball joints?
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